China will press ahead with the reform of State-owned enterprises to provide a greater driving force for high-quality economic development with State capital, according to a decision made at the State Council executive meeting chaired by Premier Li Keqiang on Dec 13.
The meeting, which heard a report on the reform, supervision and inspection of central SOEs by the Supervisory Board of Key Large State-owned Enterprises, decided that the management system of State-owned assets will be improved, and a list of powers and obligations on State assets supervision and management will be formulated to enable precise by-category supervision. Enterprises will be given effective autonomy in their operations as the government deepens the reform to streamline administration, enhance compliance oversight and provide better services.
Solid steps will be taken to cut outdated excess capacity, and the issue of “zombie enterprises” will be handled in a timely fashion. Deleveraging the SOEs and reduction of corporate debt will be prioritized to keep risks under control.
China’s SOEs registered a total business revenue of over 41.9 trillion yuan in the first 10 months of this year, up by 15.4 percent year-on-year, and made 2.39 trillion yuan in profits, up by 24.6 percent, according to the Ministry of Finance.
The meeting decided to bring forward the improvement of sectorial distribution, structural optimization and strategic reorganization of the State-owned sector. State capital will be mainly channeled into key sectors and areas that are vital for national security, the overall economy and people’s livelihood, as well as major infrastructure development.
Another focus of the reform is to develop a corporate legal entity governance structure with effective checks and balances, and establish a flexible and efficient market-oriented management mechanism. The reform to introduce the shareholding system into central SOEs will be pushed forward, and investors of various types will be brought in to enable stock rights diversification.
For SOEs whose main business portfolios are in fully competitive sectors, efforts will be made to explore the mixed ownership structure.
“The reform has enabled SOEs, especially central SOEs, to achieve an upturn in their business revenues, which reached the highest level in five years,” Premier Li said. He added that SOEs must earnestly address the problems identified in the supervision and inspection process.
Oversight on the operation of State capital will be reinforced, as well as inspection of overseas State assets, and stringent accountability will be enforced, the meeting decided.
“Related State Council departments must actively support the SOE reform, and further pursue the streamlining of administration, enhanced compliance oversight and provision of better services, to help enable the high-quality development of SOEs and ensure the security and good returns on State assets.” Premier Li said.