The draft outline of the 13th Five-Year Plan (2016-2020) on national economy and social development was presented on March 5 to the Fourth Session of the 12th National People’s Congress for review.
Following are the goals and missions set in the draft outline for the years between 2016 and 2020.
-- Keep medium-high growth to double China’s GDP and per capita income by 2020 from the 2010 level.
-- Promote innovative, coordinated, green, open, and shared development.
-- Make breakthroughs in core technologies including information communication, new energy, new materials, aviation, biological medicine and intelligent manufacturing.
-- Advance scientific research on universe evolution, material structure, origin of life, as well as brain and cognition.
-- Vigorously initiate international major science projects.
-- Ease the criteria for foreign talents’ applying for permanent residence.
-- Improve the quality and efficiency of supply and stimulate real demand to strengthen new growth momentum.
-- Foster new competitive advantages of foreign trade by exporting more high-end equipment and cutting-edge products with high added value.
-- Further implement “Made in China 2025” strategy and focus on manufacturing innovation and the integration of information and manufacturing technologies.
-- Support strategic emerging sector and improve its share in GDP to 15 percent.
-- Boost information technology, new energy vehicles, biological technology and low-carbon industries, as well as high-end equipment and materials.
-- Nurture the growth of high-tech sectors involving semiconductors, robots and intelligent systems.
-- Speed up building a new generation of information infrastructure.
-- Advance 5G telecom technology and comprehensively upgrade to IPv6.
-- Implement “Internet Plus” and promote Internet technologies to revolutionize production and organization modes.
-- Promote big data strategy to facilitate industrial upgrade and social governance innovation.
-- Push forward the establishment of a multilateral, democratic and transparent international Internet governance system.
-- Deepen energy revolution by establishing a modern energy system that is clean, low-carbon and efficient.
-- Build a coordinated and integrated energy network.
-- Accelerate urbanizing rural migrants.
-- Build world-class city clusters in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, Yangtze River Delta and Pearl River Delta.
-- Strengthen maritime law enforcement, safeguard maritime interests and maintain free navigation and maritime passage safety at seawaters under China’s jurisdiction.
-- Improve sea-related dialogue and cooperation mechanisms with neighboring countries and boost pragmatic maritime cooperation.
-- Keep annual energy consumption within five billion tonnes of standard coal.
-- Implement the strictest environmental protection system by gathering efforts from government, enterprises and the public to realize environmental improvement.
-- Control carbon emissions, honor climate commitments and deeply participate into global climate governance.
-- Expand international production capacity cooperation in sectors including steel, railway, telecommunications, machinery and aviation.
-- Increase service trade’s share in total foreign trade to 16 percent.
-- Relax restrictions in service sector for foreign capital, widen market access in banking and securities, encourage foreign investment to flow into advanced manufacturing, high-tech industries and energy saving.
-- Improve business environment to facilitate win-win cooperation.
-- Realize the convertibility of Chinese currency the yuan and promote its global use.
-- Enhance two-way opening up of capital market, including securities and bond markets.
-- Strive to sign high-standard bilateral investment agreements with more countries.
BELT AND ROAD
-- Quicken Belt and Road construction and expand win-win cooperation to form a new comprehensive opening-up landscape.
-- Strengthen cooperation with international financial institutions, push forward the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank and the BRICS New Development Bank, and properly operate the Silk Road Fund.
-- Build China-Mongolia-Russia, China-Central Asia-West Asia, China-Indochina Peninsula, China-Pakistan and Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar economic corridors, as well as the new Eurasian Land Bridge.
GLOBAL ECONOMIC GOVERNANCE
-- Safeguard the role of the World Trade Organization and push forward multilateral trade negotiations.
-- Vigorously set up free trade areas with countries along the routes of the Belt and Road.
-- Step up talks with the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership and Gulf Cooperation Council and on the free trade area of China, Japan and the Republic of Korea.
-- Push forward the establishment of free trade agreements with Israel, Canada, the Eurasian Economic Union and the European Union, as well as an Asia-Pacific free trade area.
-- Continue to propel investment agreement talks with the United States and Europe.
-- Actively participate in the making of international rules on the Internet, deep sea, polar region and space and of international standards.
-- Increase assistance to developing countries in education, medicine, disaster relief, animal protection and poverty alleviation.
-- Safeguard international public security and oppose any forms of terrorism.
-- Lift 50 million people out of poverty and build a moderately prosperous society in all aspects.
-- Fully implement the two-child policy, with the total population reaching 1.42 billion.
STRATEGY AND SECURITY
-- Formulate and implement national security policies in politics, territory, economy, society, resources and the Internet.
-- Reinforce anti-terrorism forces and increase international cooperation.
-- Advance national defense and military modernization.