As part of China’s reform to streamline administration and delegate powers to lower-level governments, relevant government departments must publish their “power list” to clarify the boundaries of government power.
The implementation of the reform to streamline administration and delegate powers has led to increased efficiency and more convenience for both the general public and enterprises, and it has also injected more dynamism into the economy.
Anhui, a pilot province for the reform, has witnessed an increase of 142,000 newly-registered enterprises since last March, a 51.4% year-on-year growth. This increase follows its abolishment of 68.3 percent of provincial administrative examination and approval items and 50 percent and 30 percent of municipal and county-level administrative examination and approval items, respectively.
In April, Anhui province published online the power list of the provincial government and built an online platform to reveal the administrative power items and provide online services which enable people to apply and make enquiries at the click of a mouse.
“Previously, you had to go to the capital Hefei several times in order to get an approval. But now it is really amazing that you can get it at home,” said Kong Fanbao, a real estate appraisal company manager who works in Liuan city, 74 kilometers away from the provincial capital of Anhui.
Zhejiang province has also carried out a similar initiative as it published the provincial, municipal, and county-level power lists online last June, making it the first provincial region to publish power lists concerning three levels of government.
Additionally, other provinces like Hainan and Sichuan have also carried out the reform to publish the power list.
Chi Fulin, director of the China Institute for Reform and Development, said that streamlining administration and delegating powers to lower level governments is a top priority of the government’s reform efforts, and local governments are pushing forward the reform as they are currently implementing the power list.
The publication of the lists, especially the move to publish them online, makes it more convenient and easier for people and enterprises to obtain administrative examination and approval.
Guo Benchun, deputy director of the Commission Office for Public Sector Reform of Anhui province, said that the boundaries of government administrative powers have been blurred for a long time, and the power list sets clear limits as it reveals detailed items and, at the same time, strictly regulates power.