A number of key agreements are expected to be signed during President Xi Jinping’s upcoming visit to Mongolia, which will signify the upgrading of the two neighboring countries’ relationship, Mongolian President Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj said.
The deals will cover a wide spectrum including cross-border transportation, railways, port access, energy, mining and infrastructure. Private enterprises from both countries are also set to sign commercial deals, he said.
Elbegdorj made the remarks at a news conference on Aug 15 in Ulan Bator, Mongolia, days before Xi’s state visit to the country, which will begin on Thursday.
The two-day trip will be the first in 11 years by China’s head of state to Mongolia and also Xi’s second one-stop visit since taking office last year. His visit to South Korea in July was the only other occasion he went to one nation without visiting other countries during the same trip.
Elbegdorj expressed his hope that Xi’s visit would boost Mongolia’s cross-border transportation and infrastructure construction, as well as bilateral trade and investment.
He acknowledged the Mongolian economy’s heavy reliance on mineral exports, appreciating China’s support of its economic transformation and eyeing an increase in the export of processed minerals and agricultural products.
Mongolia has the largest coal reserves in the world, some of the largest copper reserves and large deposits of many other resources.
China has long been Mongolia’s biggest trading partner and largest source of foreign investment. Trading volume between the two countries reached $6 billion in 2013, accounting for more than half of Mongolia’s total foreign trade volume.
“The prospects are bright for business cooperation between the two countries and improving the investment environment is an integral part of a sound trade relationship,” said Elbegdorj.
“Mongolia’s State Great Khural (parliament) has recently revised investment laws, which significantly ameliorated the trade environment,” he said, sending olive branches to Chinese investors. “We’ll continue to push such work.”
The shared border is the longest for each country, however the rail gauges differ－China’s is narrower－meaning most goods must be transferred in a costly and time-consuming operation onto trucks.
Elbegdorj said the Mongolian government will try to deal with the gauge issue.
“Mongolian railway policy clearly states that any new railway must fit our gauge” while the parliament is entitled to discuss and determine whether to make an exception to narrow the gauge, he said.
Mongolia announced in March that it would build an international-standard narrow-gauge rail across its border with China to transport minerals from the Mongolian Gashuun Sukhait port to China’s Gants Mod port.
Speaking of Ulan Bator’s “third neighbor” policy, which is to strengthen cooperation with Western countries and major international bodies, Elbegdorj said this policy is not in conflict with Mongolia developing cooperation with China and Russia.
“Landlocked by Russia and China, Mongolia has a unique geographical position,” he said. “Developing cooperative relations with two neighboring countries is a priority of Mongolia’s diplomacy.”
He was also considering inviting more Chinese journalists to Mongolia to strengthen cultural exchanges and mutual understanding.
Elbegdorj, who has been in contact with Chinese officials since the 1980s, said he is an old friend of Xi.
“I appreciate that President Xi is very concerned about our bilateral ties and wish his visit a complete success.”
1. Meeting with Mongolian President Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj
2. Issue an important political document
3. Witness the signing of a series of cooperation agreements covering political, economic, financial and cultural sectors
4. Meetings with Mongolian Parliament leader and prime minister
5. Delivering a keynote speech at the State Great Khural (parliament), focusing on China’s outline of future bilateral cooperation
THE KEY TOPICS
Assistant Foreign Minister Liu Jianchao said at a news briefing on Monday that Xi’s visit will also cover the following key topics:
1, Mongolia is landlocked, so the issue of shipment, especially via China, is very important for the country. China will do all it can to help Mongolia smoothly and more easily carry out shipments
2, Prioritizing transportation and mineral mega-projects to push for new breakthroughs in bilateral cooperation
3, Initiating a number of cultural exchange plans to increase the number of visitors between the countries and enhance understanding