The Government Work Report was delivered by Premier Li Keqiang at the third session of the 12th National People’s Congress on March 5. But how was the report drafted and what’s new in it? And how was the work for 2014 reviewed and the plan for 2015 formulated? Ning Jizhe, director of the State Council Research Office, provides a valuable insight.
The Central Committee of the CPC and the State Council have always highlighted the importance of the actual drafting of the report, Ning said.
President Xi Jinping and Premier Li Keqiang took a deep interest in the drafting and offered their advice on a number of occasions.
The Premier presided over the entire drafting of the report and held executive meetings and plenary meetings of the State Council to discuss and deliberate on the report.
The work started in earnest in August and saw contributions from a number of organizations. Staff members from the State Council Research office and other departments of the State Council, as well as experts and specialists from research institutes and think tanks were involved in the drafting, as were officials from local governments. Between forty to fifty drafts were made before the final one was approved and released, Ning said.
In order to get opinions from as broad a perspective as possible, the Premier chaired three meetings to gauge ideas from all walks of life. The draft group, directed by the Premier, actually sent about 4,000 requests for suggestions to all levels of government bodies nationwide, Ning precluded.
Ning said the draft work adopted an innovative approach as it received input from think tanks as well as expert and specialist groups, and utilized modern technology and the Internet to collect data and opinions from the general public.
In an Internet campaign “My advice for the 2015 Government Work Report’’ organized by gov.cn and other websites, more than 40,000 suggestions were received, dozens of which literally appeared in the final report, Ning said.
Domestic think tanks provided a framework of essential information, Ning said, and dozens of foreign experts from six countries with the State Administration of Foreign Experts Affairs also submitted their valuable input.
In addition, the draft group also held meetings with delegates from the National People’s Congress and local government officials who were studying in Beijing. Suggestions on governance made by officials from city and county levels were gathered.
Changes in content and structure
The head of the top Chinese think tank emphasized changes both to the content and structure of the report and consequently, this year’s report consisted of six sections, a marked difference from last year’s three sections.
According to Ning, the themes of the first two sections are similar, the review of the previous year and the overall plan for this year.
But for this year, the third section, which used to focus on key tasks, was actually broken down to four parts specifically to address reform and opening up, economic development, promoting living standards and improving governance, Ning said.