Three decisions from executive meeting on July 20
The executive meeting of the State Council on July 20 adopted a national plan for scientific and technological innovation during the 13th Five-Year Plan (2016-2020), which decided to construct an innovation-driven country to lead and support upgrades in development; boost the integration of logistics and Internet technology, lower the cost for enterprises and make people’s lives easier; published detailed rules on pledges of allegiance by government officials to the country’s Constitution, in a bid to advance the rule of law.
State Council issues plan to implement IPR strategy
The State Council on July 18 issued a guideline to accelerate the construction of a strategy to reinvigorate China through intellectual property rights (IPR). The guideline called for coordinated work involving 40 government departments with six major targets, which include promoting reform of management for IPR, implementing strict protection of IPR, promoting creative uses of IPR, strengthening overseas distribution and risk control, enhancing international cooperation, and stepping up efforts for policy guarantees.
Pilot reform approved for IPR use and protection in Guangzhou
The State Council called for stronger protection of intellectual property rights (IPR) and a more active IPR market in the reform experiment zone of the Sino-Singapore Guangzhou Knowledge City (SSGKC), in the capital city of South China’s Guangdong province. It is built as an innovation-driven area, exploring intellectual property management for the whole country and serving as a strategic development platform and a model for economic transformation and industrial upgrading.
Administrative regulations to be adjusted in China’s pilot FTZs
The State Council decided to adjust administrative regulations in China’s pilot free trade zones. Eighteen administrative regulations, four State Council documents, and four departmental documents approved by the State Council are involved in the adjustment. The decision is aimed at securing lawful practices of measures concerning reform and opening up in the pilot cities of Guangdong and Fujian provinces, and Tianjin and Shanghai, according to the circular.
Inspection of vaccination nationwide to ensure safety trade and use
The China Food and Drug Administration (CFDA) started an inspection of vaccinations nationwide on July 22. According to CFDA, authorities will keep track of purchases and distribution of vaccines as well as vaccination records to ensure legal trade and use of properly handled vaccines. All disease control and prevention agencies nationwide are subject to the inspection, and at least 20 percent of hospitals and clinics providing vaccination services will receive random checks.
Colleges and universities to be held responsible for academic misconduct
The Ministry of Education rolled out a plan to prevent and deal with misconduct in academia. The plan states that colleges and universities should be held responsible for any academic misconduct reported anonymously or exposed by the media.
Old-age service to be tested in prefecture-level cities
According to a circular issued by the Ministry of Civil Affairs and Ministry of Finance, several prefecture-level cities have started a reform trial for providing old-age services in the community. The circular also stressed quality of the facilities and surrounding environment and the development of elder care and service in seven key areas. The performance in the trial zone will be evaluated and compensated accordingly.
Environmental protection emphasized in mining
The Ministry of Land and Resources, Ministry of Industry and Information, Ministry of Finance, Environmental Protection Department and the National Energy Administration released a guideline to declare a goal for the environmental recovery and comprehensive management of mines in China by 2025, establishing a supervision system, fulfilling the protection and management responsibility and efficiently protecting newly developed mines.
Steady investment in highways
According to data released by the Ministry of Transport, fixed asset investment in highways and water routes has reached 781.3 billion yuan in the first half of 2016, a year on year growth of 8.7 percent. The amount invested in highways has grown sharply, surpassing half of the amount invested in expressways. The figures in the second half are predicted to remain the same or slow down slightly from the first half year. In general, it will remain within a reasonable range.
Business registration simplified
According to the State Administration for Industry and commerce (SAIC), the number of business entities newly entering the market reached 7.84 million in the first half year, a year on year grow of 13.2 percent, and the average daily number of newly registered businesses was 40,000. Currently, market entities of all kinds in China reached 80.8 million. The rapid growth of new enterprises can be attributed to the newly launched business registration policy reform.