The State Council, China’s cabinet, issued a statement on June 16 officially supporting the creation of a strategic emerging industries board on the Shanghai Stock Exchange, to help high-growth and innovative enterprises raise funds through the capital market.
It is the first time the central government has given its official nod to such a move, said analysts, who now expect the board to be in place soon.
The launch has been widely viewed as Shanghai’s effort to catch up with domestic rival, the Shenzhen Stock Exchange, which has already been successfully attracting technology and innovation-driven companies to list on its Nasdaq-style startup and growth enterprise board, known as ChiNext.
“It is obvious that head-to-head competition between the two stock exchanges over initial public offerings for startup companies is growing,” said Xu Hongcai, an economist at the Beijing-based China Center for International Economic Exchanges.
But Xu warned, too, that China should be careful about launching any new markets that might run the risk of overlapping one another.
Gui Minjie, chairman of the SSE, first revealed in March that a new board could be created to accommodate listings for emerging and innovative enterprises that have already achieved a certain financial scale, rather than early-stage companies.
Initially it is expected the new Shanghai board is likely to attract United States-listed Chinese companies that are seeking to go private and relist in the domestic market.
Liu Shi’an, SSE’s vice-president, said in May it would be a priority for the new board to introduce innovative rules regarding corporate governance and equity structure, to facilitate the return of overseas-listed Chinese companies which might previously have been banned from listing in the mainland because of their corporate structure.
Earlier reports have claimed the board would be launched this year, after the top legislators complete amendments to the Securities Law, which will officially switch the country’s approval-based IPO system to a registration-based and market-oriented one.
Shanghai has long been viewed as an ideal listing destination for blue-chip companies with large market capitalizations, with Shenzhen serving more as a market for small-cap technology and innovation companies.
But recently Shanghai has been falling under increased pressure to attract more smaller and innovative companies to list, as the number of large IPOs continues to decline.
Analysts now predict competition between Shanghai and Shenzhen to intensify after the launch of the registration-based IPO scheme.
While Shenzhen’s ChiNext has been successful, soaring more than 150 percent this year, it has also faced challenges over the soon-to-launch Shenzhen-Hong Kong Stock Connect program.