BEIJING — China will set up a community governance system led by grassroots Communist Party of China (CPC) organizations by 2020, according to a guideline released by the CPC Central Committee and the State Council on June 12.
Local governments will play a guiding role in the community governance system which also feature public participation.
Governance capacity in both urban and rural communities will improve significantly by that time, as public services, management and security will be effectively ensured, the guideline said.
Within another five to ten years, a more mature and comprehensive community governance system will offer strong support for the CPC at a grassroots level, while consolidating local governments, the guideline noted.
Issues such as the basic role of autonomous organizations, the participation of social groups and the functions of communities are also included in the guideline.
According to the guideline, on major issues relating to community public interests as well as those that matter to the residents’ immediate interests, the community residents’ role in the decision making and dispute resolution processes should be enhanced.
Also, community services that are closely related to the residents’ interests, such as employment, social security, health, education, housing, public security as well as legal and arbitration services, should be made more widely available, the guideline said.
The guideline called for increased efforts to resolve disputes within communities. Party congress delegates, legislators, political advisors and CPC members and officials should maintain contact with communities and their residents via proper channels, it said.
It urged more support for groups in need, such as the poor, children in difficulty, mentally-challenged people, left-behind children, senior citizens as well as people who have been convicted of crimes or released from prison.
The guideline also requires infrastructure improvements and better environmental management in communities.
To enhance community governance, the guideline pledged more financial investment in this regard. It also encouraged the public to contribute via channels such as charity donations and community foundation endowments.