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The Opinions of the State Council on Implementing the Negative List System for Market Access

Updated: Nov 12,2015 5:16 PM     english.gov.cn

The people’s governments of all provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government, all ministries and commissions of the State Council and all institutions directly under the State Council:

According to the requirements of the “Decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) on Some Major Issues Concerning Comprehensively Deepening the Reform” and the decisions and arrangements of the State Council, we hereby give our opinions on implementing the negative list system for market access as follows:

I. Significance

1. Definition of the negative list system for market access.

The negative list system for market access refers to a series of institutional arrangements where the State Council clarifies in a list the sectors, areas and businesses prohibited or restricted from the market within the territory of the People’s Republic of China and local governments at all levels take corresponding management measures in accordance with the law. All kinds of market players may enter sectors, areas and businesses not on the negative list on an equal basis and according to the law.

2. Implementing the negative list system for market access is the important basis for the market to play a decisive role in the allocation of resources.

By implementing the negative list system for market access, we give market players more initiative. It helps to put autonomy of market players into practice and stimulate the market’s vitality, form a market environment in which all kinds of market players have equal access to the factors of production according to the law and participate in competition on an open, fair and just footing, and establish a unified, open, competitive and orderly modern market system. It will provide more space for the market to play a decisive role in the allocation of resources.

3. Implementing the negative list system for market access is the intrinsic requirement for better playing the role of the government.

By implementing the negative list system for market access, we make clear the boundaries of government responsibilities. It helps to further deepen the reform of the system concerning matters subject to administrative review and approval, significantly reduce the range for government review and approval, innovate on methods of government supervision, promote investment and trade facilitation, and constantly improve administrative efficiency and effectiveness. It helps to urge the government to strengthen market regulation in line with the thought and approaches of the rule of law, make market regulation institutionalized, standardized and procedure-based, and fundamentally promote the transformation of government functions.

4. Implementing the negative list system for market access is a requisite measure to build a new system for an open economy.

Implementing the negative list system for market access and foreign investment is an effective way to promote reform through opening up and construct a higher-level market economy. It helps to speed up the establishment of a modern market system in line with the prevailing international rules and create a business environment based on the rule of law. By stimulating the orderly and free flow of international and domestic factors of production, highly efficient allocation of resources and in-depth market integration, it will constantly make our country more internationally competitive.

II. General requirements and applicable conditions

5. General requirements.

Upholding the direction of reform towards the socialist market economy, we will ensure that the market plays a decisive role in the allocation of resources while better playing the role of the government, transform government functions while exercising government administration in an innovative way, and stimulate the market’s vitality while strengthening market regulation. We will relax and regulate market access, simplify and optimize administrative review and approval, strengthen and innovate on market regulation, and speed up establishing a new system to regulate market access, in which the market is open, fair, standardized and orderly, enterprises enjoy independent decision-making and fair competition, and the government makes clear its power and responsibilities and enforces strong supervision.

All regions and departments should earnestly put in place the negative list system for market access. For the investment and business operations made by all kinds of market players on a voluntary basis, once there are areas or procedures concerning market access, the negative list system should be established and implemented; when conditions are mature, the current directory-based items about market access will be incorporated into the negative list for market access.

6.Categories.

A negative list for market access includes two categories: “prohibited” and “restricted” items. It applies to the investment and business operations made by all kinds of market players on a voluntary basis, including initial investment, expansion investment, mergers and acquisitions as well as other market entry. For prohibited items, market players have no access to them and administrative bodies are not allowed to give review and approval or handle relevant formalities. For restricted items, market players may file an application and administrative bodies make the decision according to the law whether they are given access; or market players may enter these areas in accordance with government regulations on access conditions and methods. All kinds of market players may enter sectors, areas and businesses not on the negative list on an equal basis and according to the law.

7. Applicable conditions.

If all kinds of market players are involved in investment, business operations and other market entry in the following areas, we can, according to laws, administrative regulations and the relevant provisions of the State Council decisions, adopt management measures to prohibit access or restrict market players’ qualifications, equity ratio, business scope, operation formats, business models, spatial layout, and national land spatial development and protection:

Relevant sectors, areas and businesses concerning national security such as the safety of people’s life and property, political security, homeland security, military security, economic security, financial security, cultural security, social security, science and technology security, information security, ecological security, resource security, nuclear security and security in emerging fields;

Relevant sectors, areas and businesses concerning distribution of the major national productive forces, strategic resources development and major public interests;

Relevant sectors, areas and businesses which concern investment and business operations of market players and where the procedure for administrative permission may be instituted by the law;

Other circumstances stipulated by the law, administrative regulations and the State Council decisions.

8. Main types and applicable objects of negative lists.

Negative lists mainly include a negative list for market access and a negative list for foreign investment. A negative list for market access, which applies to domestic and overseas investors with consistent management measures, is the unified requirement for market access of all kinds of market players; a negative list for foreign investment, which applies to overseas investors’ investment and business operations in China, is the special management measure for foreign investment entry. While drawing up a negative list for foreign investment, we should give an overall consideration to negotiations over foreign investment issues. Relevant matters shall be formulated separately. Where there are other provisions in the bilateral or multilateral agreements signed by China, the provisions of those agreements shall prevail.

III. Procedures of drawing up, implementing and adjusting a negative list for market access

9. Principles of drawing up a negative list.

The principle of the rule of law. While drawing up a negative list for market access, we should fully implement the basic strategy of the rule of law in governance. New items, which are not covered by the law, administrative regulations and the State Council decisions but indeed need to be incorporated into a negative list for market access, should be submitted for formulation in accordance with legal procedures based on scientific evaluations; or in another way, laws, administrative regulations and the State Council decisions should be revised. Significant items concerning the national economic and social development and those with the high degree of specialization should go through decision-making procedures including public participation, expert argumentation, risk assessment, legality review and collective deliberation.

The principle of security. While drawing up and implementing a negative list for market access, we should maintain a holistic view of national security and follow laws and regulations safeguarding national security as well as the national systems concerning security in various fields. With a focus on safeguarding economic security, we should maintain the national basic economic system and the socialist market economic order, improve the institutional mechanism to prevent and dissolve the economic security risks, guarantee key sectors and areas that are the lifeblood of the economy, key industries, major infrastructure and major construction projects, and ensure the security of other significant economic benefits.

The principle of progression. While drawing up and implementing a negative list for market access, we should proceed from our national conditions in a gradual and orderly way, have an overall planning and implement it step by step. Full implementation is allowed only after the experience gained is replicable and widely applicable. As for new technologies, products, operation formats and business models emerging in the market, we should, based on the principle of encouraging innovation and lowering the threshold to entrepreneurship, strengthen institutional supply, integrate supervision with service and not rush to incorporate them into a negative list for market access.

The principle of necessity. Items included in a negative list for market access should be simplified as much as possible and should be indeed necessary. Those items prohibited or restricted by laws, administrative regulations and the State Council decisions cannot be simply incorporated into a negative list for market access. The sectors, areas and businesses where investment and business operations are currently prohibited or restricted for market players cannot be simply copied into a negative list for market access. The items independent of market access and the post-access supervision measures cannot be confused with the management measures for market access. Such measures as registration, information collection and examination and approval for land use, which are generally imposed on market players, cannot be incorporated into a negative list for market access. Applicable conditions for a negative list for market access cannot be mechanically applied and the items which are not suitable for the negative list management cannot be incorporated into it.

The principle of openness. A negative list for market access should be drawn up and adjusted on an open, fair and just footing, thus forming stable, transparent and predictable institutional arrangements and guaranteeing the rights of the general public to be informed and to participate. The items concerned, the basis for and the results of drawing up and adjusting a negative list for market access shall be made public for consultation, except for those that shall be kept confidential according to the law.

10. Procedures of drawing up a negative list.

A negative list for market access is drawn up and released by the State Council; any adjustments required by local governments should be submitted to the State Council for approval by provincial-level governments. All departments and units responsible for market access management should make an overall review on the sectors, areas and businesses where investment and business operations are prohibited or restricted for market players. They should propose their own draft negative lists for market access according to unified classification standards in the Classification of National Economic Industries. (Those applying to various categories in the Classification of National Economic Industries and new operation formats not listed in the Classification of National Economic Industries should be specified otherwise.) The National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Commerce shall take the lead to summarize and review them, form a unified negative list for market access, and submit it to the State Council for approval before implementation.

The management measures for market access, proposed according to laws, administrative regulations and the State Council decisions, should go through legality examination. Their rationality, feasibility and controllability should be assessed according to the requirement for the market to play a decisive role in the allocation of resources. As for those management measures for market access, which are put forward according to department rules and regulatory documents and indeed need to be incorporated into a negative list for market access, we should formulate or revise laws and administrative regulations in accordance with legal procedures, or submit them to the State Council for the final decision after careful argumentation according to the procedures clearly identified in the Opinions.

While drawing up a negative list for market access, we should take differences of regional development into full consideration and make it more practical and well-targeted. Based on a national unified negative list for market access, provincial-level governments are allowed to make suggestions to adjust it according to their own resource advantages, definition of major functional areas, comparative industrial advantages, production cooperation, the network of logistics marketing and eco-environmental impacts. It should be submitted to the State Council for approval before implementation. Without the authorization of the State Council, all regions and departments are not allowed to release a negative list for market access by themselves, and increase or decrease the items included in a negative list.

While drawing up a negative list for market access, relevant departments should improve the decision-making mechanism which combines public participation, expert argumentation with government decision. They should fully listen to the opinions from all regions and departments, organize experts to assess its necessity and feasibility, and solicit opinions from the public. What is involved in national security should be reported to the National Security Commission of the CPC Central Committee for review in advance.

11. Procedures of implementing a negative list.

Based on the principle of trial implementation before gradual popularization, we will try out the negative list system for market access in some regions from December 1, 2015 to December 31, 2017. By accumulating experience and making gradual improvements, we will explore to form a national unified negative list for market access and establish a corresponding system and mechanism. The national unified negative list system for market access will be officially implemented from the year 2018 on. The National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Commerce shall take the lead to propose a draft negative list for market access and identify the pilot regions, submit them to the CPC Central Committee and the State Council for approval and then organize these regions to carry out the pilot work. The provincial-level governments in these pilot regions should, on the basis of the draft negative list for market access, put forward a plan for trying out the negative list system, and submit it to the State Council for approval before implementation. Where the implementation of the relevant laws, administrative regulations and their relevant provisions are suspended, it should be handled in accordance with legal procedures.

According to the requirements of The Work Plan for Carrying out the Pilot Reform of the Negative List System for Market Access (See Annex), the provincial-level governments in the pilot regions should strengthen organizational leadership and overall coordination, improve the working mechanism including process management, warning and forecasting, information feedback and dynamic performance evaluation, and ensure substantive progress on the reform. Relevant departments should enhance coordination with the pilot regions and try out the reform measures to optimize the market access management there. Departments including the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Commerce should strengthen guidance, supervision and inspection, discover and solve various problems in the process of the reform timely, and report significant matters to the State Council without delay.

12. Procedures of adjusting a negative list.

Based on the principle of streamlining administration and delegating government power, easing restrictions and strengthening regulation where necessary, and improving services, a negative list for market access should be adjusted timely after implementation according to the overall progress of the reform, economic restructuring as well as revised laws and regulations. With the authorization of the State Council, the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Commerce should take the lead to establish an inter-departmental deliberation and coordination mechanism, take charge of the daily work of implementing the negative list system for market access and carry out third-party evaluations. Adjusting significant items therein and increasing management measures for market access should be reported to the State Council for approval. While adjusting management measures for market access according to laws, administrative regulations and the relevant provisions of the State Council decisions, or adjusting non-essential contents such as technical and declarative contents, or decreasing management measures for market access, relevant departments should make suggestions for adjustment and submit them to the State Council for the record after review of the deliberation and coordination mechanism. What is involved in national security should be reported to the National Security Commission of the CPC Central Committee for review in advance.

IV. Methods of identification and the alignment with current systems

13. The negative list for market access should be well aligned with the list of items for administrative review and approval.

While drawing up a negative list for market access, we should align it with the list of items for administrative review and approval. The restrictive measures about the sectors, areas and businesses which market players have access to during their investment and business operations should in principle be incorporated into the negative list for market access. Those items concerning market access, which are free from administrative review and approval and not included in the List of Items for Administrative Review and Approval by all Departments of the State Council, should not be incorporated into the negative list for market access. Other items which are qualified for the negative list after review should be itemized in it. In the future, while the State Council decides to annul, increase or adjust items subject to administrative review and approval, the negative list for market access should be directly aligned with the revised list of items for administrative review and approval.

14. The negative list for market access should be well aligned with the Guiding Catalog for Industrial Restructuring.

The eliminative and restrictive project categories in the Guiding Catalog for Industrial Restructuring should not be itemized again but directly referenced in the access-prohibited list, according to the State Council decisions on Releasing and Implementing “Interim Regulations on Promoting Industrial Restructuring,” (State Council Doc. No. 40 [2005]) which says “investment is banned in the eliminative category of projects” and “investment is banned in the restrictive category of projects.” Relevant departments should adapt to industrial restructuring and the new situation that ever-changing new products and technologies emerge in an endless stream, and revise the Guiding Catalog for Industrial Restructuring in a timely manner. In the future, while revisions are made in the Guiding Catalog for Industrial Restructuring, the negative list for market access should be directly aligned with its revised version.

15. The negative list for market access should be well aligned with the List of Investment Projects Requiring Government Review and Approval.

The projects subject to government review and approval in the List of Investment Projects Requiring Government Review and Approval (foreign-invested projects and overseas investment projects not included but elsewhere specified) should not be itemized again but directly referenced in the access-restricted list. According to the overall plan for comprehensively deepening reform, relevant departments should speed up studying and formulating a decision on deepening reform of the investment and financing system as well as the regulations on investment projects subject to government review and approval and archival filing, and adjust the List of Investment Projects Requiring Government Review and Approval timely. In the future, while the State Council decides to revise the List of Investment Projects Requiring Government Review and Approval, the negative list for market access should be directly aligned with its revised version.

16. The negative list for market access should be well aligned with the management items for market access proposed according to the laws, administrative regulations and the State Council decisions.

The management measures for market access, proposed according to laws, administrative regulations and the State Council decisions, should be classified into the access-prohibited list and the access-restricted list after review. Relevant departments should make timely and corresponding adjustments for the negative list for market access according to revisions of laws and administrative regulations as well as the clean-up of the State Council documents. The items, which are not clearly prescribed as preconditions by laws, administrative regulations and the State Council decisions, shall no longer go through preliminary review and approval procedures; the items, which are clearly prescribed as preconditions by laws, administrative regulations and the State Council decisions, shall no longer go through preliminary review and approval procedures by revising the laws, administrative regulations and the State Council decisions, except that there is a need to keep it in that way.

V. Safeguards

17. Establishing and improving the access mechanism to meet the requirement of the negative list system for market access.

All kinds of market players may enter sectors, areas and businesses not on the negative list on an equal basis and according to the law, and no longer require government approval. Power should be delegated to enterprises to the necessary extent and market players can decide by themselves items beyond the negative list according to the law. Following the principle of easing restrictions and strengthening regulation where necessary, relevant departments should give an overall consideration to factors such as national security, ecological environment, interests of the people and workplace safety, improve the indicator system for comprehensive evaluation, ensure enterprises to bear the primary responsibility, strengthen supervision according to the law, establish an accountability mechanism for safety review and supervision, and form a new pattern featured with government supervision, enterprise autonomy, industry self-regulation and social supervision. For the items on the negative list for market access, taking different instances into account, relevant departments may explore the means of making a pre-access pledge and further enhance the implementation of other supporting measures such as conducting informative recordation and disclosing information about access. By making a pre-access pledge, we mean that all kinds of market players are allowed to have access after promising to fulfill their legal obligations, undertake social responsibilities and practice social integrity, and submitting a letter of commitment to relevant departments. By conducting informative recordation, we mean that all kinds of market players should immediately fulfill their obligations to conduct informative recordation with relevant departments if their investment and business operations have been carried out. By disclosing information about access, we mean that all kinds of market players should fulfill their obligations stipulated in the Provisional Regulations on Enterprise Information Disclosure according to the law.

18. Improving the review and approval mechanism to meet the requirement of the negative list system for market access.

For items with restricted access, governments at all levels and relevant departments should, based on their review and approval power, regulate their rights and obligations and the standards of review and approval. According to the requirements of The Notice of the State Council on Regulating Administrative Review and Approval by State Council Departments and Improving the Work Related to Administrative Review and Approval (State Council Doc. No. 6 [2015]), and the Notice of the General Office of the State Council on Issuing the Work Plan for Reducing the Number of Items Requiring Government Review and Approval, Regulating Intermediary Services for Investment Projects, and Reviewing and Approving Enterprises’ Investment Projects Online (General Office of the State Council Doc. No. 59 [2014]), they should streamline preliminary review and approval procedures, optimize and regulate review and approval procedures, and make them open and transparent with clear power and responsibilities. Preliminary review and approval of the items concerning national security and workplace safety should be regulated and strengthened in accordance with the law. All regions are encouraged to put forward a list of items requiring administrative review and approval prior to market access (the “restricted” category) at provincial-, municipal- and county-level governments, and make clear the names of the items requiring review and approval, the reasons for such requirements, the scope of application, the subject of implementation, handling requirements, the checklist and requirements for application, handling procedures and time limit. We should speed up establishing a “unified, standardized, efficient, convenient, open and transparent” online platform for joint review, approval and supervision, which is featured with “parallel operation, information sharing and full supervision,” and ensure all the items requiring review and approval are “made clear, handled, completed and supervised online.”

19. Establishing and improving the supervision mechanism to meet the requirement of the negative list system for market access.

According to the principle of each fulfilling their respective responsibilities and law-based regulation, all regions and departments should strengthen supervision both during and after investment and business operations of market players. Based on the principle of streamlining administration and delegating government power, law-based regulation, fairness and transparency, the integration of power and responsibility, the joint governance of the government, market and society, we need to improve the regulation approach, innovate on the regulation pattern, promote regulation efficiency, optimize the supervision of post-access market behaviors, and ensure the items not on the negative list of market access are well regulated. Relevant departments should enhance the formulation, adjustment and management of the development strategy, the development plan, industrial policies and the standard specification, set a “red line” strictly according to the law, and strengthen the ongoing and ex-post regulation. All regions are encouraged to put forward a list for supervision in provincial-, municipal- and county-level governments, make clear the items subject to supervision, the reasons for such requirements, the subject of supervision, its authority, the contents, methods and procedures of supervision as well as punitive measures, and construct a supervision pattern with legal restraint, administrative supervision, industry regulation, public participation and enterprise integrity and self-discipline well integrated. We need to push industry associations and chambers of commerce to establish and improve the industry self-discipline norm, the self-disciplinary convention and the code of professional ethics. We need to establish and improve an industry self-discipline mechanism to meet the requirement of the negative list system for market access.

20. Establishing and improving the social credit-rating system and the credit-related incentive and punishment mechanism to meet the requirement of the negative list system for market access.

We should improve the social credit-rating system and the enterprise credit information disclosure system. Market players’ credit information should be included into the website http://www.creditchina.gov.cn and shared on the national credit information sharing platform. The aim is to offer the public important information concerning various market players, when they are involved in production, investment, distribution, consumption and other economic activities. We should also promote the establishment of a mechanism, under which market players must make a pledge before entering the market, promising that they will willingly accept punishment and restrictions if they commit any law-breaking or dishonest acts, and this pledge will be included into their credit records. We should improve the credit-related incentive and punishment mechanism. Market players should be divided into groups and treated differently according to their credit records, and the grouping and treatment should be changed when there are changes in their credit records. Support and incentive will be granted to honest market players, while restrictions on investment, land supply, bidding, allocation of budgetary funds and other issues will be placed on dishonest ones in accordance with the law. Market players should be blacklisted if they seriously breach competition norms, disturb market order, or infringe upon the legitimate rights of consumers, workers and other business operators. If the case is extremely serious, the guilty market player should be prohibited from entering the market in accordance with the law.

21. Establishing and improving the information disclosure and sharing systems to meet the requirement of the negative list system for market access.

On the basis of the enterprise credit information disclosure system, we should improve various other systems, such as the system of regularly releasing enterprises’ annual reports and their latest news, the system of checking disclosed information on a random basis, and the system of listing enterprises with abnormal practices or serious law-breaking behaviors. Information on enterprises’ production and operation, as well as government information that can reflect enterprises’ conditions, should be disclosed timely as stipulated in the Provisional Regulations on Enterprise Information Disclosure and other relevant regulations. Restrictions should be placed on enterprises that fail to disclose their information on time, conceal facts, or fiddle figures. These companies should be restricted or prohibited from participating in events such as government procurement, project bidding and sales of state-owned land-use rights. All regions and departments should follow the central government’s rules, promote the building of local credit information platforms for enterprises under their administration or in their own fields, and make the information available to the public on the national credit information sharing platform.

22. Improving laws and regulations to meet the requirement of the negative list system for market access.

While implementing the negative list system for market access, we should put equal attention to the revision of current laws and the promulgation of new laws. Relevant departments should sort out laws, regulations, rules, normative documents and administrative approval procedures concerning market access, investment and business operations in accordance with the law and prescribed procedures. For those that need to be revised or abolished, concerning departments should make proposals accordingly. For items beyond the negative list, articles concerning them should be abolished or revised immediately. If the revision or abolishment contradicts current laws, the State Council should propose the revision or suspension of the law to the National People’s Congress or its standing committee, and make it known to the public. If the revision or abolishment contradicts current administrative regulations, the State Council should revise or suspend the regulation, and make it known to the public. Besides, we should accelerate the promulgation of new laws to meet the requirement of the negative list system, thus to provide legal grounds for government departments to perform their functions and powers concerning market access, and exercise supervision during and after projects.

VI. Accelerating the reform and establishment of relevant systems

23. Establishing an investment system to meet the requirement of the negative list system for market access.

All enterprises’ investment projects, except for those concerning national security, ecological security, distribution of the major national productive forces, strategic resources development and major public interests, should be decided by the enterprises independently in accordance with the law, and no longer require government approval. Following the State Council’s guidelines, the National Development and Reform Commission should reform the review and approval system for investment projects, timely revise and release the List of Investment Projects Requiring Government Review and Approval in accordance with prescribed procedures, narrow down the scope of investment projects subject to government review and approval, and review and approve enterprises’ investment projects online. We should enhance the coordination and supervision of government departments concerning economic planning, land and resources, environmental protection, technology and work safety, and control market access by setting criteria for environmental protection, energy saving, technology, work safety and other issues. When foreign-invested companies make investments in fixed-asset projects, they should enjoy national treatment and follow the review and record keeping procedures applied to domestic enterprises.

24. Establishing a business registration system to meet the requirement of the negative list system for market access.

We will deepen the reform of the business system, accelerate the implementation of “three licenses in one” and “one code for one license,” and roll out a unified system of codes for rating the credit of legal persons and other organizations. We will simplify preliminary review and approval procedures, and reduce the number of items that require qualification verification. All the investment and business operations made by market players on a voluntary basis should not be denied access except that the areas are banned and limited by laws, administrative regulations and the State Council decisions. We will sort out current administrative measures concerning market access and cancel those that are not supported by laws, administrative regulations and the State Council decisions.

25. Establishing a management system for foreign investment to meet the requirement of the negative list system for market access.

Relevant departments should step up efforts to formulate a negative list for foreign investment according to the management model of pre-establishment national treatment and negative list. In line with the requirements of simplification and convenience, we should gradually streamline the licensing procedures for foreign investment areas, explore and implement one-stop review and approval and reduce licensing procedures. According to the need for safeguarding national security, we should make more efforts to improve the system for security reviews of foreign investment. Any foreign investment concerning national security should be subject to security reviews under the national security review system and relevant regulations. We should strengthen the ongoing and ex-post regulation, establish an information reporting mechanism for foreign investment and an information publishing system for foreign investment, and put in place a monitoring system for foreign investment in which governments share information and coordinate inspection and the public plays a part in monitoring.

26. Fostering the market environment for fair trade and competition to meet the requirement of the negative list system for market access.

Relevant departments should review and cancel all kinds of regulations and practices that restrain the market from playing a decisive role in the allocation of resources and impede the national unified market and fair competition, strictly ban and publish all unlawful acts extending preferential policies, combat local protection, oppose monopoly and unfair competition, and prevent relevant policies from impeding the national integral market and fair competition. We will improve the systems and mechanisms that define, operate and protect property rights, liquidity rights, equities and intellectual rights according to the law. We will persist in equality of rights, opportunities and rules, abolish all forms of irrational regulations for the non-public economy, remove all hidden barriers, and adopt specific measures for market players to enter natural monopoly and franchising fields according to the law.   

In order to enhance the system of national governance and the modernization of governance capability, all regions and departments should fully recognize the importance and urgency of carrying out the negative list system for market access, do their work well in the formulation and implementation of the negative list system for market access, speed up relevant reforms and the establishment of matching schemes, timely spot and solve budding, tendentious and potential problems, and ensure that the reform achieves results.

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