BEIJING — China’s consumer and factory-gate inflation held steady in July as the world’s second-largest economy remained on track for solid growth.
The consumer price index (CPI), a main gauge of inflation, rose 1.4 percent year-on-year in July, the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) said on Aug 9.
It was slightly down from June’s 1.5 percent. On a month-on-month basis, the index was up 0.1 percent, according to the bureau.
Consumer inflation held steady in July. Food prices, the biggest component of CPI, were down 0.1 percent, dragging down the growth rate of the index by 0.02 percentage points, NBS said.
Vegetable prices surged 7 percent after declining for five straight months as scorching summer and heavy rain restricted output. Fruit prices shed 9.2 percent due to oversupply. Pork prices declined 0.7 percent as consumption fell in summer.
Year-on-year, food prices dropped 1.1 percent in July, while non-food prices rose 2 percent.
Excluding volatile food and energy prices, the core CPI increased 2.1 percent year-on-year in July.
In the first seven months, CPI rose 1.4 percent year on year.
China’s producer price index (PPI), which measures costs for goods at the factory gate, rose 5.5 percent year-on-year in July, according to NBS.
It was unchanged from the previous two months. On a month-on-month basis, the index was up 0.2 percent.
Factory-gate prices rose in the ferrous metal mining and non-ferrous metal smelting industries, which widened to 2.7 percent and 1.5 percent from a month earlier, respectively, noted NBS senior statistician Sheng Guoqing.
Meanwhile, prices in the oil and gas extraction and refining industries dropped 5.3 percent and 3 percent, month-on-month, respectively.
China’s PPI has remained in positive territory since September, when it ended a four-year streak of declines, partly due to the government’s successful campaign to cut industrial overcapacity, which benefited the wider economy.
China reported 6.9 percent GDP growth for the first half of 2017, exceeding the 6.7 percent rise in 2016 as well as beating the consensus of forecasters.