China and Australia signed a free trade agreement on June 17 after a decade of negotiations, covering areas including a simplified review procedure for investments, most-favored-nation status and easier market access to service sector.
Under the agreement, 85.4 percent of goods traded between both sides will cut tariffs to zero immediately. About 97 percent of Australian exports to China will be tariff free following the designed timeline step by step. There will include many agricultural products such as beef, dairy and wine. Australia will eventually reduce tariffs to zero on all goods imported from China.
China’s major exports to Australia are machinery, telecommunication equipment, computer, furniture and garment product, and its main import from Australia are iron ore, coal, gold, copper, education-related travel services and agricultural products, according to the Customs data.
Official figures show trade volumes between China and Australia jumped from $88.1 billion in 2010 to $136.9 billion in 2014. Australia had $9.4 billion trade surplus with China last year.
Australia’s service businesses, such as education, tourism, telecommunications, healthcare and financial services, will gain more market access into China, either by partnering up with Chinese companies, or in certain situations being able to access those markets directly.
Private Chinese investment under $830,000 will not be subject to the approval of Australia’s Foreign Investment Review Board. There also will be an Investor State Dispute Settlement mechanism under the agreement.
China was Australia’s largest export market for both goods and services in 2014, accounting for nearly a third of total exports, and a growing source of foreign investment.
Eager to seek more new market growth points with close trade partners together, China also signed its largest bilateral free trade agreement in terms of volume with South Korea earlier this month.
Under the deal, China will remove tariffs on 91 percent of all products from South Korea within the next 20 years, while Seoul will eliminate tariffs on 92 percent of all goods in the other direction.
Highlights of China-Australia trade
Top 5 exports to Australia 2013-14
1. Clothing — $3.95 billion
2. Telecommunication equipment and parts — $3.79 billion
3. Computers — $3.72 billion
4. Furniture — $1.7 billion
5. Daily necessities — $1.39 billion
Top 5 exports to China 2013-14
1. Iron ores and concentrates — $44.3 billion
2. Coal — $7.2 billion
3. Gold — $6.3 billion
4. Education-related travel services — $3.17 billion
5. Copper — $1.63 billion
Source: General Administration of Customs