The State Council circulated a notice to initiate supervision on the implementation of major government policies in May. Since then ministries and departments under the central government started self-monitoring procedures to ensure that policies will be fully carried out.
The National Development and Reform Commission set up a specific working group and came up with plans on detailed targets, assignments and time requirements. The General Administration of Customs, General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine and other departments set up supervision groups to carry out examination of their work with full coverage down to the grassroots.
These central departments have also reviewed their work for the second half of 2014, analyzed the reasons why some tasks were not accomplished and proposed measures to resolve difficulties.
It is not confined to their own work criteria, but also improves inter-department communication and they issued suggestions to the State Council to help realize the implementation of policies.
For instance, the General Administration of Customs said the slide in crude oil and automobile imports was triggered by multiple reasons, such as a lack of incentives, and suggested that efforts to expand imports should be made by all related departments together. As for streamlining customs procedures and reducing costs, the administration suggested cutting the cost of moving and storage for companies by offering government procurement services.
The supervision will be focused on policies issued in the second half of last year and major missions proposed in the annual Government Work Report of 2015.
The National Development and Reform Commission, the country’s top economic planning body, speeded up the approval of investment and construction to stabilize the economy. By May 20, the central budget had allocated 425.2 billion yuan, 89.03 percent of total annual investment.
The People’s Bank of China, or the central bank, offered full financial support to major construction projects such as the rebuilding of urban shantytowns, rail lines and water conservancy facilities. By the end of April, the budget for water conservancy facilities had been allocated 112.4 billion yuan, 66.6 percent of the total annual budget for the sector.
Reducing government input, as the first step of the reform and opening-up, has seen progress since last year. The China Securities Regulatory Commission has pledged to improve the IPO issuing system. The Ministry of Commerce issued policies to encourage the development of e-commerce in rural China and the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, together with China Development Bank, issued policies to support the rebuilding of urban shantytowns and contributed to reducing risks in the housing market. The Ministry of Civil Affairs improved a social senior care system.
One characteristic of the supervision is problem-focused. For instance, the Ministry of Commerce talked about problems and work suggestions in its self-examination report.
The other characteristic will be practical. The feasibility of the suggestions are being considered by the central departments.
The central departments also reviewed the deep-rooted institutional problems that have hindered the implementation of policies.
The State Council Leading Group Office of Poverty Alleviation and Development said the new evaluation system of poverty alleviation is not being fully carried out in all poverty-stricken counties and some county governments still see economic expansion as their major target.