BEIJING — China’s consumer price index (CPI), a main gauge of inflation, rose 1.9 percent year-on-year in December, the National Bureau of Statistics said on Jan 10.
The increase was down from 2.2 percent for November, according to the bureau.
Food prices rose 2.5 percent year-on-year, contributing 0.48 percentage points to overall CPI growth, the bureau said.
Prices for medical products and services rose 2.5 percent year-on-year, educational, cultural and entertainment prices rose 2.3 percent, while housing-related prices rose 2.2 percent.
Oil prices eased in December. Prices for gasoline and diesel dipped 0.5 percent and 0.3 percent year-on-year, respectively, compared with the 12.8-percent and 14.2-percent gains in November 2018.
On a month-on-month basis, the December CPI remained unchanged from the previous month.
Data released on Jan 10 also showed China’s CPI for 2018 rose 2.1 percent year-on-year, up from 1.6 percent for 2017. It exceeded 2 percent for the first time in the past four years.
The annual figure is well below the government’s target to keep the CPI increase at around 3 percent in 2018.
It is estimated that factors including the prevention and control of African swine fever, policies to facilitate domestic consumption and the new individual income tax measures will have effects on the annual CPI this year, according to the Development Research Center of the State Council.
The annual CPI for 2019 is expected to stand at around 2.2 percent year-on-year, the center said.