Chinese President Hu Jintao delivers a speech at a seminar attended by provincial and ministerial-level officials in Beijing, capital of China, July 23, 2012. (Xinhua Photo)
Chinese President Hu Jintao on Monday called on officials to "unswervingly" carry forward the reform and opening-up and "confidently" overcome all difficulties and risks on the road ahead.
Hu, also general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, made the remarks when addressing the opening session of a workshop for ministerial officials and provincial heads, ahead of the CPC's upcoming 18th National Congress.
Taking into account the domestic and overseas situation, China is faced with both unprecedented opportunities and challenges, Hu said.
Hu vowed to continue China's scientific development, promote social harmony and improve people's welfare.
Over the past 10 years, China has grasped and made good use of important strategic opportunities despite the volatile international situation and arduous tasks to carry out domestic reforms, he said.
In the period, the country has overcome a number of serious challenges and pushed forward the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics to a new stage of development, he said.
The reason why China has made such historic accomplishments and progress over the past decade is that it has formed and implemented the Scientific Outlook on Development as it adheres to the guidance of Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, and the important thought of Three Represents, said Hu.
The Scientific Outlook on Development has provided forceful theoretical direction for China's development in the period, he said.
The implementation of the Scientific Outlook on Development will be a long-term and arduous task, and challenged by many conflicts and difficulties, Hu said.
Hu called for stronger determination, more forceful measures and improved system to implement the Scientific Outlook on Development, so as to make it serve the country's economic and social development.
"Emancipating the mind" has always been "powerful arms of thought" promoting the cause of the Party and the people, and the reform and opening-up has been a strong force pushing forward the cause, Hu said.
"We must not be afraid of any risks, and not be confused by any distractions," Hu said, adding that the country should stick to the "correct path" developed by the Party and the people.
"A decisive foundation" should be laid in the next five years for the formation of a well-off society in all-around way by 2020, before "basically achieving socialist modernization by the middle of the century," he said.
Hu called on officials to "unite all forces that can be united" and "mobilize all positive factors that can be mobilized," and never to be rigid and stagnate.
Hu said that significant theoretical and practical achievements have been scored in the adherence to and development of socialism with Chinese characteristics.
"Under the new historical circumstances, we must continue to push forward socialism with Chinese characteristics," he said.
Hu said that all members of the Party must bear in mind that China's rapid development over the past 30-odd years hinged on reform and opening-up. China's future development must unswervingly depend on reform and opening-up as well.
"Only through reform and opening-up can China be developed," he said, noting that's also true with socialism and Marxism.
"We must adhere to the guidelines, principles and polices set since the Third Plenary Session of the 11th CPC Central Committee, enshrine the reform and innovation spirits into every step of state governing and push forward the reform and opening-up drive more consciously and more steadfastly," said Hu.
While talking about accelerating the transformation of the economic development pattern, Hu stressed that pursuing economic development as the central task is essential for reinvigorating China, while development is the key for solving all of the problems that the country is facing.
To focus on scientific development and stick to the acceleration of transforming the economic development mode is a strategic decision that relates to the country's overall development, added Hu.
Speaking about promoting the reform of the political system, Hu said the Party has always considered it important in the whole reform and development agenda, and has made significant progress in that regard.
Hu stressed that the reform of political system should integrate the leadership of the Party, the position of the people as masters of the country, and the rule of law, develop a more wide-reaching people's democracy.
Hu called for paying more attention to exerting the important role of rule of law in the administration of the country and the society, safeguarding the integration, dignity and authority of rule of law and social justice, and ensuring the people's extensive rights and freedom according to law.
On socialist culture, Hu said it was a "key strategic decision" for the Party to build China into a power of socialist culture, in response to the changes and people's cultural needs.
However, he noted that people's demands for better life and expectations for prompt solutions to prominent social problems were increasing.
Hu urged efforts to deliver more benefits to the people, relieving people's worries and fully addressing the most practical concerns to the people.
New progress should be made in education, employment, health care, retirement and housing in order to allocate more to people in a more fair way, said the president.
China should adhere to the basic national policy of "resource conservation and environmental protection," Hu said, adding that efforts should be made to boost "green, recycling and low-carbon development" and to create favorable working and living environment.
To ensure the CPC remains the leading core of socialism with Chinese characteristics, Hu said the Party must adhere to the principle of the Party policing itself, running the Party strictly, while intensifying its ideological, organizational, work-style and institutional building.
Hu stressed continued efforts to promote Party building by enhancing flesh-and-blood relations between the Party and people, as well as by deepening personnel reform, fighting corruption unswervingly, and maintaining the Party's unity.
He urged the Party to "unite around the CPC Central Committee" and be well prepared for its 18th National Congress.
Vice President Xi Jinping called on officials to carefully study Hu's speech, which analyzed the country's new situations and missions and pointed out major theoretical and practical issues concerning the Party and government's current situations and future development.
Top legislator Wu Bangguo, Premier Wen Jiabao, top political advisor Jia Qinglin and other senior leaders including Li Changchun, Li Keqiang, He Guoqiang and Zhou Yongkang attended the meeting presided over by Xi. They are all Standing Committee members of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee.