Backgrounder: Recent major trade disputes between China and the U.S.

Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao said on Feb. 27, 2010 that trade disputes between China and the United States must be solved via "equal negotiations" rather than sanctions.

Below is a review of recent major trade disputes between the two countries:

Feb. 24, 2010 -- The United States on Wednesday imposed preliminary duties ranging from 11 to 13 percent on steel pipes from China.

Feb. 6, 2010 -- The United States slapped preliminary anti-dumping duties ranging up to 231.4 percent on gift box and other types of narrow woven ribbons from China it said were unfairly priced.

Feb. 5, 2010 -- China imposed temporary anti-dumping measures against imports of U.S. chicken products, requiring importers of U.S. chicken products to place deposits, ranging from 43.1 percent to 105.4 percent, to Chinese customs from Feb.13.

Feb. 1, 2010 -- China said protectionism of the United States has "seriously affected" their trade ties and urged it to stop abusing trade remedy measures.

Jan. 31, 2010 -- China extended anti-dumping measures by five years on imports of phenol from the United States.

Jan. 27, 2010 --U.S. imposed 175 percent of anti-dumping duties on electric blankets and wire trays from China,

Jan. 21, 2010 -- U.S. started an anti-dumping and anti-subsidy probe into Chinese steel drill pipes. The petitioners have asked for anti-dumping duties ranging from 429 percent to 496 percent.

Jan. 5, 2010 -- The U.S. government slapped preliminary anti-dumping duties on imports of more than 300 million dollars worth of wire decking from China. The tariffs of between 42.61 and 289 percent would be imposed and collected until a final determination is made.

Dec. 30, 2009 -- The U.S. International Trade Commission slapped punitive penalties to imports of 2.6 billion dollar oil country tubular goods from China

Dec. 29, 2009 -- The U.S. Commerce Department said that it had set preliminary anti-dumping duties on imports of steel grating from China. The department said that it is currently scheduled to make its final determination in April 2010.

Nov. 24, 2009 -- the United States made a decision to impose duties ranging from 10.36 percent to 15.78 percent on Chinese oil well pipes for alleged unfair subsidies.

Nov. 15, 2009 -- Nobel economics laureate and New York Times columnist Paul Krugman pushed for a stronger yuan in an article entitled "World Out of Balance". He wrote, "China's weak-currency policy siphoned much-needed demand away from the rest of the world into the pockets of artificially competitive Chinese exporters."

Appreciation of yuan could raise the cost of Chinese goods, hence weaken exports.

Sept. 28, 2009 -- China announced it would maintain anti-dumping measures on some imported polyvinylchloride from Sept. 29. The anti-dumping measures target PVC, one of the most widely used materials in the chemical industry, imported from the United States, the Republic of Korea, Japan and Russia.

Sept. 11, 2009 -- U.S. President Barack Obama made a decision to impose punitive tariffs on tires imported from China, setting punitive tariffs at 35 percent in the first year, 30 percent in the second and 25 percent in the third.

Sept. 13, 2009 -- China launched anti-dumping and anti-subsidies investigations into some automobile and chicken products originally produced in the United States.

Sept. 18, 2009 -- China's Ministry of Commerce organized industry experts to study possible anti-dumping investigations of its solar photovoltaic industry to be launched by the European Union and the United States.

June 26, 2009 -- China required a security deposit on adipic acid from the United States as a temporary anti-dumping measure, tariff ranges from 5.7 percent to 35.4 percent.

June 25, 2009 -- China announced to impose a temporary anti-dumping duty of 10.9 percent to 37.5 percent on polyamide-6 imported from the United States, Italy, Britain, France and Taiwan.

June 1, 2009 -- China began an anti-dumping investigation into grain oriented flat-rolled electrical steel imported from the United States and Russia. The investigation would conclude before June 1, 2010, under normal circumstances, but it could extend until Dec. 1, 2010, under special circumstances.

April 29, 2009 - China conducted anti-dumping investigations into imported nylon-6 chips originated from the U.S. and other countries and regions. The investigation will conclude before April 29, 2010 under normal circumstances, but it could extend until October 29, 2010 under special circumstances. 

Source: Xinhua