China plans to conduct its sixth national population census in 2010, the State Council, or the Cabinet, announced in Beijing on Wednesday.
The census, which begins on November 1, 2010, will survey population, age, nationality, levels of education, profession and population migration.
The census will also collect data on marriage, housing, and social security of Chinese citizens.
Vice Premier Li Keqiang will head a steering committee with members from more than 20 government departments and the army, said the notice.
The last census in the world's most populous country nine years ago found there were 1.29533 billion people in China.
"The population condition has undergone great changes since 2000. New findings from the 2010 census will provide accurate and scientific information for the government to map out plans for economic and social development," said the notice.